CAIRO - Syrian government forces now control the strategically important Damascus-Aleppo highway, which they have been trying to wrest from Turkey-backed rebels for weeks. Syrian state television showed that government forces had taken the last stretch of Damascus and Aleppo highways from Turkish-backed rebels in Idlib province in recent days.
Arab media showed Syrian government forces had entered the town of Kafr Zawiya in Idlib province after taking it from Turkey-backed rebels in the past 24 hours.
The fortress helped defend Damas, which at that time also passed through Edom and Moab, and the route was an important link on the way to the Kingdom of Jordan, which also benefited other kingdoms along the route, including those of Edon and Moab.
It was only weeks later that aid seeped into regions of northeastern and northwestern Syria that Damascus did not control. Damascus and Syria's Roman provinces in general began to flourish, but not without its own problems.
The Homs governor's office announced the establishment of a holding company, as did the governors of Homs, Aleppo, Damascus and Latakia. This is considered significant because political activity in the nation takes place under the authoritarian regime that governs Syria itself. The President of Syria appoints a governor to oversee the political affairs of his or her provinces, but no governor has ever been appointed to Damas, which has happened in more than one Syrian city (as observed in Carchemish).
Attracted by the fertile, well-irrigated plains that dominated one of the region's most important trade routes, the city was occupied and developed under the control of a powerful state called Aram - Damascus, which dominated Syria. Like other cities in Syria and Egypt, Damascus became the home of many Iraqi Jews who built their own synagogues in his city. Scholars from Jerusalem and Safed were appointed to rabbinical positions in Damascus; some Damascus rabbis immigrated to Palestine in old age, and scholars from other parts of Syria, such as Homs, Aleppo, Latakia, Homs, and Homs, were also appointed.
The Persians under Cyrus the Great conquered the city in 538 BC and made it the capital of the Persian province of Syria. The Hittites extended their influence and control to Syria, although during this time they were controlled by the nearby Amurru and were still administered by Egypt as a whole. Ayyubidi rule and independence ended with the invasion of Syria by the Mongols in 1260. After Mongolia withdrew, Damascus came under the control of Egypt, which ruled Syria and parts of Lebanon, Iraq, and Jordan, as well as Egypt itself.
There are many events and festivals that take place in Damascus from time to time, but tourists should plan their visit to feel the Syrian culture. Damascus museums include the Syrian National Museum, the Archaeological Museum of Damascus and the State Museum. If visiting Assad's National Museum is to visit and discover Syria's historical civilisation, then you should also visit the museum, as it is one of the most important museums in Syria.
Damascus is surrounded by the Barada River, which waters Ghouta al-Guta, and one aspect of the DSAP program is the construction of a new water supply system for the city and its inhabitants. The Barajas River once surrounded Damascus with the oasis of Ghouta that it fed, but urban expansion has shifted much of that oasis from agriculture to other land uses.
Syria's civil war began in 2011 and the city is still largely under government control. The same is true of the Damascus suburb of Eastern Ghouta, which was recaptured by the regime in spring 2018. There has been significant fighting in both the city and the suburbs in 2018, but outside Damascus, both cities remain largely under government forces' control.
To return to history, Damascus was captured in 634 AD by troops of the Rashidum Caliphate under Khalid ibn al-Walid and taken by the troops of Rashidum, the Caliphate's caliphate. Damascus came under Western control during the campaigns of Alexander the Great, which swept the Middle East, and was conquered in 1154 by his son-in-law and successor Alexander III.
The Amurru Amorites controlled much of the second millennium BC, and there is evidence that Damascus University is the oldest and by far the largest university in Syria. There are immersion-based programs for students who already have good Arabic language skills and want to improve their language skills. Palestinian academies were moved to Hadrach in Damascus and Damascus itself after the Crusaders conquered large parts of Palestine.
Damascus (Dimashaq, also known as al-Sham) is the capital and largest city of Syria with a population of about 2.5 million people and an area of 1.2 million square kilometers.
Historically, Damascus was designated the capital of the Ottoman Empire from 1720 to 1570, and then as the capital of Syria from 1560 to 1770. Damascus appears in the inscription of Shalmaneser III of Assyria, in which Hazael also appears to have resisted attacks by the Assyrian army and kept the city independent by seizing the Philippine city of Gath. Nicholas of Damascus says that Abraham ruled over the land of Babylon, which he beheaded foreigners who came with an army to call it the "land of the Chaldeans." Semitic nomads who came to the Arabian Peninsula can also be found on the inscriptions of Shabak, the founder of what is now Damascus, and on the name of his son Abdulla.